Excursion to Pavlovsk Palace and Park
This excursion lasts for 6 hours. You will visit the Catherine's Palace with Amber Room and Pavlovsk Palace with his the biggest Park in Europe. Tickets, driver with car and English speaking guide are included.
Pavlovsk Palace (Russian: Павловский дворец) is an 18th-century Russian Imperial residence built by Catherine the Great for her son, Grand Duke Paul, in Pavlovsk, within Saint Petersburg. After his death, it became the home of his widow, Maria Feodorovna. The palace and the large English garden surrounding it are now a Russian state museum and public park.
In 1777, the Empress Catherine II of Russia gave a parcel of a thousand hectares of forest along the winding Slavyanka River, four kilometers from her residence at Tsarskoye Selo, to her son and heir Paul I and his wife Maria Feodorovna, to celebrate the birth of their first son, the future Alexander I of Russia. At the time the land was given to Paul and Maria Feodorovna, there were two rustic log lodges called Krik and Krak. Paul and his wife spent the summers of 1777 to 1780 in Krik, while their new homes and the garden were being built.
They began by building two wooden buildings, one kilometer apart. Paul's house, a two-story house in the Dutch style, with small gardens, was called "Marienthal", or the "Valley of Maria". Maria's house was a small wooden house with a cupola, flower beds, named "Paullust", or "Paul's Joy". Paul and Maria Feodorovna began to create picturesque "ruins", a Chinese kiosk, Chinese bridges and classical temples in the English landscape garden style which had spread rapidly across Europe in the second half of the 18th century.
In 1780, Catherine the Great loaned her official architect, the Scotsman Charles Cameron, to design a palace on a hillside overlooking the Slavyanka River, near the site of Marienthal. Cameron had studied under English architect Isaac Ware, who was close to William Kent. Kent introduced the Palladian style of architecture into England with his work at Chiswick House for Lord Burlington. Through this connection Cameron became familiar with the original plans of Palladio, which were in the personal collection of Lord Burlington. This style was the major influence on Cameron when he designed Pavlovsk.
The Pavlovsk Park (Russian: Павловский парк) is the park surrounding the Pavlovsk Palace, an 18th-century Russian Imperial residence built by Tsar Paul I of Russia near Saint Petersburg. After his death, it became the home of his widow, Maria Feodorovna. It is now a state museum and a public park.
Pavlovsk Park was conceived by Cameron as a classic English landscape garden, an idealized landscape filled with picturesque pieces of classical architecture, designed to surprise and please the viewer. Like the English landscape garden, it took much of its inspiration from the romanticized landscape paintings of Claude Lorraine and Hubert Robert. The gallery of Pavlovsk has twelve landscape paintings by Hubert Robert that were commissioned by Maria Feodorovna. Cameron laid out a triple alley of five straight rows of Linden trees, imported from Lübeck, in a long axis from the courtyard of the Palace, leading to a small semi-circular place in the forest.
This served as a parade ground for Emperor Pavel's Imperial guards. In the forest to the left of this axis he placed a romantic thatch-roofed dairy with stalls for two cows modeled after the one in the park of Württemberg where Maria Feodorovna had grown up; and on the other side of the parade route, an aviary, filled with parakeets, nightingales, starlings, and quail. This part of the garden also included a labyrinth, and picturesque tombstones imported from Italy. An early French visitor described the effect of this part of the garden: "Melancholy consumes the soul when you arrive...then the pain is followed by pleasure."
Excursions in St. Petersburg
All prices are given in USD, included transport with driver, guide speaking a European language, entrance tickets.
|City tour with Peter and Paul Fortress||4||110USD||120/60||132/44||140/35||150/30|
|City tour with St. Isaac’s Cathedral||3,5||99USD||110/55||120/40||132/34||140/28|
|St. Isaac’s and Savior on the Spilled Blood||3||95USD||110/55||123/41||135/35||145/29|
|Petergoff - Park and Summer Palace||5||145USD||176/88||204/68||236/59||250/50|
|Petergoff - Park with fountains||4||110USD||126/62||144/48||156/39||170/34|
|Catherine's Palace with Amber Room (Tsarskoe Selo)||5||150USD||170/85||192/64||216/54||235/47|
|Catherine's Palace and Pavlovsk Palace||6||170USD||206/103||240/80||280/70||315/63|
|Pavlovsk: Palace and Park||5||130USD||140/70||150/50||164/41||175/35|
|Kronstadt city with Navy Cathedral||4||100USD||100/50||100/33||100/25||100/20|
|The Great Gatchina Palace||6||145USD||156/78||171/57||188/47||200/40|